Type 2 Diabetes - What is Happening in the Body?

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a progressive metabolic condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. This is also known as insulin resistance. Generally in these cases the body is still producing insulin, but there is not enough insulin or it isn’t working properly, so the cells are only partially unlocked. This causes a build up of glucose in the blood. 

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?


Unfortunately we do not know what causes type 2 diabetes, however research indicates it is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors and also has a strong genetic and family related risk factors.


Although we cannot control genetic predisposition, we can control our lifestyle and the contribution in plays in diabetes diagnosis.  General statistics indicate that: 

  • Obese adults are four times as likely to develop type 2 diabetes

  • Overweight adults are twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes

  • A study taken in the United States and United Kingdom, found that overweight and obese adults are more likely to have a family history of diabetes – indicating lifestyle plays a part in developing the condition.


Can I Reduce the Risk of Contracting Type 2 Diabetes?

The good news is you can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by adopting simple lifestyle changes. People with pre-diabetes can reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 58%.


The major lifestyle interventions that help manage and prevent the onset of Type 2 diabetes include exercise therapy and diet management. By controlling what foods (sugars) enter our body and by monitoring how they are utilised for energy purposes, whilst also improving the efficiency of our metabolic system, we can essentially manage, mitigate and prevent T2D.

Both of these services are provided at Full Circle Wellness via Exercise Physiology and Dietetics professionals, the cost of which can often be claimed under Medicare. If you suffer from, feel you are at risk of developing, or would simply like more information on diabetes and how allied health services can assist feel free to contact us on 5456 1599

This article has been adapted from the following Diabetes resources: 





Courtney Mallet Exercise Physiologist Gympie
Courtney Mallet Exercise Physiologist Gympie

Kristie Pieters

Dietitian and Diabetes Educator

Tristan Hall

Exercise Physiologist

Courtney Mallet Exercise Physiologist Gympie

Courtney Mallett

Exercise Physiologist


Wian van Heerden

Exercise Physiologist