WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABETES? WHO IS AT RISK?

TYPE 2 DIABETES - WHAT IS HAPPENING TO YOUR BODY?


Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a progressive metabolic condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. This is also known as insulin resistance. Generally in these cases the body is still producing insulin, but there is not enough insulin or it isn’t working properly, so the cells are only partially unlocked. This causes a build up of glucose in the blood. 



WHAT CAUSES TYPE 2 DIABETES?

Unfortunately we do not know what causes type 2 diabetes, however research indicates it is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors and also has strong genetic and family related risk factors.

Although we cannot control genetic predisposition, we can control our lifestyle and the contribution in plays in diabetes diagnosis.  General statistics indicate that: 

  • Obese adults are four times as likely to develop type 2 diabetes

  • Overweight adults are twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes

  • A study taken in the United States and United Kingdom, found that overweight and obese adults are more likely to have a family history of diabetes – indicating lifestyle plays a part in developing the condition.


What are the risks of Type 2 Diabetes?

REDUCE THE RISK OF TYPE 2 DIABETES


The good news is you can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by adopting simple lifestyle changes. People with pre-diabetes can reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 58%.

The major lifestyle interventions that help manage and prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes include exercise therapy and diet management. By controlling what foods (sugars) enter our body and by monitoring how they are utilised for energy purposes, whilst also improving the efficiency of our metabolic system, we can essentially manage, mitigate and prevent T2D.

Both of these services are provided at Full Circle Wellness via Exercise Physiology and Dietetics on the Sunshine Coast and Cooloola Coast. The the cost of these services can often be claimed under Medicare.


Do you want more information about type 2 diabetes for you or a family member? Contact us on (07) 5456 1599 if you suffer from diabetes or are worried you may be at risk. Our dietitian, Kristie Pieters, is an accredited diabetes educator on the Sunshine Coast and an exercise plan with one of our specialist exercise physiologists could change your life!

Resources This article has been adapted from the following Diabetes resources: 

http://diabetesnsw.com.au/type-2-diabetes/what-is-type-2-diabetes/

https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/type-2-diabetes