Heart attacks, or myocardial infarctions, are severe medical conditions that arise when heart muscle sustains damage or lacks sufficient oxygen. Clot formations can also trigger heart attacks. As one of the leading causes of death globally, healthcare providers continue to emphasise the importance of heart disease prevention through exercise, healthy eating, and abstaining from smoking.
Identifying a Heart Attack
People often confuse heartburn with a heart attack. Common heart attack symptoms include chest pain or discomfort accompanied by tightness. These symptoms can be accompanied by vomiting, nausea, and profuse sweating. If you experience any of these symptoms, shortness of breath for more than a few minutes, or radiating pain from your chest to your left arm, seek immediate medical attention.
If you suspect a heart attack, call for a cardiac care ambulance right away and place a sorbitrate under your tongue, or chew an aspirin if you are not allergic. Hospital treatments may involve cardiac catheterisation, angioplasty, thrombolysis, and intravenous medication injections to dissolve clots.
Heart Attack Risk Factors
Higher heart attack risk factors include diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure. Smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyles, and fast food consumption also contribute to increased risk. Heart disease tends to affect men slightly more than women, and risk escalates with age. Additionally, individuals from lower socio-demographic areas are more susceptible to heart disease.
Reducing the risk of heart attacks involves quitting smoking, adopting a healthy diet, managing blood pressure and diabetes, and exercising regularly.
Cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease and heart attacks, impact 3.72 million Australians, with one Australian dying from a cardiovascular-related condition every 12 minutes. Incorporate exercise into your routine, gradually increasing your activity levels over time. Our exercise physiologists can help you develop a personalised plan.
Invest in your future health by choosing a healthy lifestyle today. Consume antioxidant-rich foods and undergo regular health evaluations with your healthcare professional. Our trained dietitian can help you create a customised, easy-to-follow diet plan.
In Australia, around 1.2 million people suffer from heart disease (2018), with prevalence increasing with age. Adopting an active and healthy lifestyle can lower your risk of becoming a statistic. Visit websites like the Heart Foundation for more information on disease prevention and care.
Bouncing back from a heart attack or eager to kickstart a wholesome lifestyle? Get in touch with us today and schedule a session with our certified exercise physiologist! Don't forget to join our vibrant Facebook and Instagram communities, where you'll find plenty of support and inspiration to keep you motivated. Let's embark on this wellness journey together!